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Overview of online publication

2nd edn. 1/97; minor revisions as needed (26/2/97; 13/3/97; 16/3/97; 18/3/97; 21/3/97; 26/3/97; 31/3/97; 1/4/97; 8/4/97; 9/4/97; 23/4/97; 28/4/97; 17/5/97; 14/6/97; 17/6/97; 24/6/97; 30/6/97; 7/7/97; 1/8/97; 28/9/97; 17/10/97; 30/10/97; 18/11/97; 26/3/98).


The aim of this page is to provide sources toward a provisional typology of online publishing. It is intended to provoke thinking about how we might resolve the activity into a set of useful categories. No attempt is therefore made to be complete or to judge items for quality other than their usefulness in illustrating potential categories of publication. Contributions that add to sparsely populated kinds or, especially, those that demand new categorisation altogether are most welcome. Suggestions should be sent to Willard McCarty, Willard.McCarty@kcl.ac.uk.

This edition of the Overview entirely supersedes the previous version.


  1. Sources for information on electronic publications
    1. Directories, lists, bibliographies, guides
    2. Discussion groups
    3. Journals & magazines
    4. Projects, research groups, and organisations concerned with e-publishing
    5. Surveys and studies
    6. Miscellaneous
  2. Kinds of e-publishing
    1. Journals and series
    2. Books and monographs
      1. Transcribed books based on print editions
      2. Postprints by author
      3. Electronic companions to printed books
    3. Dissertations
    4. Archives and databases
      1. Bibliographies
      2. Editions
      3. Text and image collections
      4. Reference works
    5. Project descriptions
    6. Conferences and colloquia
    7. Self-publishing of non-refereed materials


  1. Sources for information on electronic publications
    1. Directories, lists, bibliographies
      1. Association for Documentary Editing: Representative Editions. URL: http://etext.virginia.edu/ade/editions.html.
      2. Directory of Electronic Journals, Newsletters, and Academic Discussion Lists, 5th edn., Association of Research Libraries, 1996; URL: http://arl.cni.org/scomm/edir/. Note the call for contributions toward the 1997 edition at URL: http://arl.cni.org/scomm/template.html.
      3. Directory of Electronic Theses and Dissertations, ed. Matthew G. Kirschenbaum, Univ. of Virginia, a clearing-house for on-line information. URL: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/ETD/ETD.html.
      4. Directory of Scholarly and Professional E-Conferences, compiled by Diane Kovacs &al. URL: http://www.n2h2.com/KOVACS/.
      5. e-journal: WWW Virtual Library electronic journals list. URL: http://www.edoc.com/ejournal/.
      6. Gray, Norman, Electronic Publishing, an overall guide. URL: http://www.astro.gla.ac.uk/users/norman/lists/epub.html.
      7. Klemperer, Katharina and Stephen Chapman, Digital Libraries: a Selected Resource Guide. URL: http://www.lita.org/ital/1603_klemperer.htm.
      8. LINK, a commercial information service of Springer Verlag, providing access to numerous journals. URL: http://link.springer.de./.
      9. McLennan, Birdie, Serials in Cyberspace: Collections, Resources, and Services. URL: http://www.uvm.edu/~bmaclenn/.
      10. NewJour: electronic journals and newsletters. A frequently updated, searchable listing of items culled from the NewJour discussion group and other sources; includes both academic and non-academic publications. URL: http://gort.ucsd.edu/newjour/
      11. Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography, Charles W. Bailey, Jr., University of Houston Libraries. URL: http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html.
      12. Scholarly Journals Distributed via the World Wide Web, Robert C. Spragg: "links to established Web-based scholarly journals that offer access to English language article files without requiring user registration or fees". URL: http://info.lib.uh.edu/wj/webjour.html.
      13. Urania: Universal Research Archive of Networked Information in Astronomy: "composed of electronic astronomical scholarly journals, bibliographic information, electronic archives of original data, electronic copies of the historical scholarly literature for the last twenty years and a special reference system archive organized by object in the sky. Linked together effectively by a mutual, standardized reference system, the separate resources which make up Urania comprise a functioning digital library of astronomical information, providing a power and utility which, until now, was only dreamed of. " Compiled by PeterB. Boyce. URL: http://www.aas.org/Urania/.

    2. Discussion groups
      1. EBOOK-List, a discussion group for "all individuals and organizations interested in developing, researching, producing, authoring, publishing, distributing, reading, and even dreaming about electronic books." To subscribe send the message subscribe ebook-list to majordomo@aros.net.
      2. EDLine, Grapevine, LANGline, discussion groups for editing, related computing issues, and modern language studies respectively. See the Electric Editors mailing list descriptions at the URL: http://users.zetnet.co.uk/bywater/mail_01.htm.
      3. Humanist, an electronic seminar for humanities computing as a whole. URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~mccarty/humanist.
      4. Hyperjournal, "a discussion list devoted exclusively to electronic journals, especially those which publish on the World Wide Web. It is concerned with all aspects of the production and publication of electronic journals, particularly those managed by academics themselves". URL: http://www.gold.ac.uk/history/hyperjournal/contents.htm.
      5. NewJour: Electronic Journals and Newsletters. An announcement list for new serials on the Internet. URL: http://gort.ucsd.edu/newjour/NewJourWel.html.
      6. VPIEJ-L: "a discussion list for electronic publishing issues, especially those related to Scholarly Electronic Journals. Topics for discussion include SGML, PostScript, and other e-journal formats; as well as software and hardware considerations for creation of, storage, and access to e-journals. " URL: http://borg.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/vpiej-l/. A publication of the Scholarly Communications Project, University Libraries, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, URL: http://borg.lib.vt.edu/.

    3. Journals and magazines
      1. Ariadne, "A Web and print magazine of Internet issues for librarians and information specialists". URL: http://ukoln.ac.uk/ariadne/.
      2. Computer-Mediated Communication Magazine, "reports about people, events, technology, public policy, culture, practices, study, and applications related to human communication and interaction in online environments". URL: http://www.december.com/cmc/mag/.
      3. Convergence: The Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, "a refereed academic paper journal which addresses the creative, social, political and pedagogical issues raised by the advent of new media technologies". Paper only. See http://colossus.luton.ac.uk/Convergence/.
      4. D-lib Magazine, "a single site with monthly stories, commentary, and briefings and a collection of resources for digital library research". URL: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/dlib/magazine.html.
      5. EJournal, "an all-electronic, e-mail delivered, peer-reviewed, academic periodical.... particularly interested in theory and practice surrounding the creation, transmission, storage, interpretation, alteration and replication of electronic 'text'." URL: http://www.hanover.edu/philos/ejournal/home.html.
      6. Electric Pages, development journal of the Graphics Research Laboratory. URL: http://www.electric-pages.com/.
      7. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California and the Information Systems Division of School of Business Administration, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/annenberg/announce.html.
      8. Journal of Digital Information, Oxford University Press; inviting submissions on the topics of, e.g. digital libraries, hypermedia systems, intelligent agents, information management, interfaces to digital information, social consequences of digital information, digital information design, and related topics. Encourages submissions not possible in paper form. URL: http://journals.ecs.soton.ac.uk/jodi/.
      9. Journal of Electronic Publishing, University of Michigan Press; "a free electronic archive of articles we find thoughtful, provocative, and reflective of the current issues and trends in electronic publishing". URL: http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/.
      10. Public-Access Computer Systems Review, "an electronic journal about end-user computer systems in libraries". URL: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pacsrev.html.

    4. Research groups, projects and organisations concerned with e-publishing
      1. American Arts and Letters Network, "an experimental Web presence designed to enhance teaching and scholarship as well as to preserve and make more accessible digital examples of the American cultural heritage". URL: http://www.aaln.org/.
      2. Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS), "a national service funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee of the UK's Higher Education Funding Councils to collect, describe, and preserve the electronic resources which result from research and teaching in the humanities". URL: http://ahds.ac.uk/.
      3. Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), " "n international scientific and educational organization dedicated to advancing the art, science, engineering, and application of information technology, serving both professional and public interests by fostering the open interchange of information and by promoting the highest professional and ethical standards.". URL: http://www.acm.org/. See esp. the statement on "The Quality of Electronic Publications".
      4. Association for Documentary Editing, "created in 1979 to promote documentary editing through the cooperation and exchange of ideas among the community of editors." URL: http://etext.virginia.edu/ade/.
      5. Association of Research Libraries, "shaping and influencing forces affecting the future of research libraries in the process of scholarly communication". URL: http://arl.cni.org/.
      6. Australian Scholarly Editions Centre, School of English, Australian Defense Force Academy, developing a major interest in electronic editions through its Academy Electronic Editions Committee. URL: http://www.adfa.oz.au/ASEC/.
      7. Cato Institute (U.S.), specifically "Telecommunications and Technology Studies", listing several. URL: http://www.cato.org/research/telecom-st.html.
      8. Coalition for Networked Information (CNI), intended "to help realize the promise of high performance networks and computers for the advancement of scholarship and the enrichment of intellectual productivity". URL: http://www.cni.org/.
      9. Council of Editors of Learned Journals (CELJ), Holly A. Laird, Perdue University. URL: http://www.sla.purdue.edu/administrative/dean/celj/.
      10. E-journals Project, University of Waterloo (Canada), "a co-operative effort among area academic libraries with interest in facilitating access to electronic journals"; a prototype including a small selection in order to develop guidelines and procedures. URL: http://library.uwaterloo.ca/ejournals/.
      11. Electric Editors, "aims to become the primary source on the Internet for everyone looking to satisfy a professional need related to the publication of the written word, and the primary medium of communication between in-house and freelance staff." URL: http://www.ikingston.demon.co.uk/ee/home.htm.
      12. Electronic Libraries Programme (eLib), funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) to help "transform the use and storage of knowledge in higher education institutions" of the U.K. URL: http://ukoln.bath.ac.uk/elib/intro.html. See the recently published evaluation by the Tavistock Institute, URL: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/elib/wk_papers/tavis2/ and http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/elib/wk_papers/tavis3/.
      13. Electronic Publishing Research Group, Department of Computer Science, University of Nottingham. URL: http://www.ep.cs.nott.ac.uk/.
      14. Forecast and Assessment of Socio-economic Impact of Advanced Communications and Recommendations (FAIR), horizontal project in the European Commission DGXIII Advanced Communication Technologies and Services (ACTS) programme. URL: http://www.analysys.co.uk/acts/fair/.
      15. HighWire Press, Stanford University Libraries. URL: http://www-jbc.stanford.edu/. See "Network-Based Scholarly Publishing: A Prospectus", URL: http://www-jbc.stanford.edu/prospectus.shtml.
      16. International Electronic Publishing Research Centre, "a not-for-profit institute dedicated to promote and to research business applications of electronic technologies to the publishing process." URL: http://cobham.pira.co.uk/ieprc/.
      17. International Institute for Electronic Library Research, De Montfort University, "promoting the theory, development and practice of the Electronic Library through excellence in international research". URL: http://www.iielr.dmu.ac.uk/.
      18. Journal Storage Project (JSTOR), Andrew Mellon Foundation, "an independent not-for-profit organization... to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in information technology". URL: http://www.mellon.org/jstor.html.
      19. Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, Milton Keynes, U.K., a broadly based research institute studying the technologies that underpin the staring of knowledge. URL: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/.
      20. Linköping University Electronic Press, Linköping University, Sweden, to provide e-publishing services for the University; electronic articles (5 series), journals (1), and dissertations (planned). URL: http://www.ep.liu.se/.
      21. Model Editions Partnership, a consortium of seven historical editions that in conjunction with the Text Encoding Initiative and the Center for Electronic Text in the Humanities has developed a "prospectus" setting forth editorial guidelines for publishing historical documents in electronic form and now working on a series of SGML demonstration models. URL: http://129.252.164.4/.
      22. Networked Initiatives Project, Getty Information Institute, "dedicated to understanding the needs of humanities and arts organizations as they develop networked cultural heritage information resources". URL: http://www.ahip.getty.edu/gii/nap.html.
      23. North American Serials Interest Group (NASIG), URL: http://nasig.ils.unc.edu/nasigweb.html.
      24. Office of Scholarly Communication, Association of Research Libraries; "responsible for coordinating the Association's activities in monitoring monographic and serials and other formats of scholarly and scientific publishing in both the commercial and non-commercial publishing sectors". URL: http://arl.cni.org/scomm/sco mm.html.
      25. Open Journal Project, "Bringing journals alive on the World Wide Web", funded by JISC as part of its Electronic Libraries Programme. The programme was set up as a response to the 1993 Follett Report into the funding of libraries in UK higher education. URL: http://journals.ecs.soton.ac.uk/.
      26. Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), Association of Research Libraries &al. "Its mission is to be a catalyst for change through the creation of a more competitive marketplace for research information. SPARC will promote academic values of access to information for research and teaching and encourage innovative uses of technology to improve scholarly communication." URL: http://www.arl.org/sparc/.
      27. Society of Authors, "the leading association for writers of fiction and non-fiction in the United Kingdom. Its members also include artists, illustrators, playwrights, and scriptwriters (for both radio and television)." URL: http://www.writers.org.uk/society/.
      28. SPRU Centre for Information and Communication Technologies, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex at Brighton, "investigates the social, cultural, economic and policy aspects of advanced information and communication technologies and services". URL: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/spru/cict/.
      29. Text Encoding Initiative, "an international project to develop guidelines for the preparation and interchange of electronic texts for scholarly research, and to satisfy a broad range of uses by the language industries more generally." URL: http://www.uic.edu/orgs/tei/.
      30. UKOLN, the UK Office for Library and Information Networking; "research, network services and awareness raising in the area of network information management". URL: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/.
      31. United Kingdom Serials Group, "a non-profit making body whose primary aim is to bridge the gap between the producer and the end user of serials, by providing a forum for the interchange of information, ideas, suggestions and the solution of problems." URL: http://epip.lboro.ac.uk/uksg/hi/intro.htm.

        For additional items, see the listings of "Digital Library Research Projects" maintained by D-Lib, URL: http://ukoln.bath.ac.uk/dlib/projects.html; "Organisations, institutions and programmes of research" by the International Institute for Electronic Libraries Research, De Montfort University. URL: http://www.iielr.dmu.ac.uk/Internet/s_orgs.htm.

    5. Surveys and studies
      1. AUCC-CARL/ABRC Task Force on Academic Libraries and Scholarly Communication (Canada), The Changing World of Scholarly Communication Challenges and Choices for Canada, November 1996. URL: http://www.aucc.ca/english/sites/aucccarl.htm.
      2. Boyce, Peter B., Senior Associate for Electronic Publishing and Public Policy, American Astronomical Society Papers on electronic publishing. URL: http://www.aas.org/~pboyce/epubs/.
      3. British Library Papers and Reports. URL: http://ukoln.bath.ac.uk/papers/bl/.
      4. Cummings, Anthony M., Marcia L. Witte, William G. Bowen, Laura O. Lazarus, and Richard H. Ekman, University Libraries & Scholarly Communication, The Association of Research Libraries for The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, November 1992. URL: http://www.lib.virginia.edu/mellon/mellon.html.
      5. Day, Colin, The Economics of Electronic Publishing: Some Preliminary Thoughts, Paper presented at the AAUP/ARL Symposium on Electronic Publishing, November, 1993. URL: http://www.press.umich.edu/jep/works/colin.econ.html.
      6. Denning, Peter J, The ACM Electronic Publishing Plan, Association for Computing Machinery, 1995. URL: http://info.acm.org/pubs/epub_plan.html.
      7. Eggert, Paul and Kym McCauley, Critical and Scholarly Editing in Australia and New Zealand in the Last Twenty-Five Years: An Essay on the Nomenclature of Editions and a Representative Listing. BSANZ Bulletin, xix (1995), 241-55. URL: http://www.adfa.oz.au/ASEC/essay/listessay.html.
      8. Gateways, Gatekeepers, and Roles in the Information Omniverse: Proceedings of the Third Symposium, Association of Research Libraries and the Association of American University Presses, November 1993. URL: http://arl.cni.org/symp3/1993.toc.html.
      9. Harter, Stephen P. "The Impact of Electronic Journals on Scholarly Communication: A Citation Analysis". The Public-Access Computer Systems Review 7, no. 5 (1996). URL: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v7/n5/hart7n5.html.
      10. Harter, Stephen P. and Hak Joon Kim. Electronic Journals and Scholarly Communication: A Citation and Reference Study. School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University (U.S.). URL: http://php.indiana.edu/~harter/harter-asis96midyear.html.
      11. Haynes, Cynthia and Victor Vitanza, A Critical Polylogue on the academic politics of publishing in electronic spaces (U.S.). URL: http://www.utdallas.edu/pretext/PT1.1A/PT1.1A.html.
      12. Hibbetts, Bernard M. Last Writes: Reassessing the Law Review in the Age of Cyberspace, URL: http://www.law.pitt.edu/hibbitts/lastrev.htm; Yesterday Once More: Skeptics, Scribes and the Demise of Law Reviews, URL: http://www.law.pitt.edu/hibbitts/akron.htm.
      13. Hitchcock, Steve, Leslie Carr and Wendy Hall, A survey of STM online journals 1990-95: the calm before the storm, produced as part of the Open Journals Framework project, funded in the UK by the Electronic Libraries Programme, Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), of the Higher Education Funding Councils. URL: http://journals.ecs.soton.ac.uk/survey/survey.html.
      14. Impact of electronic publishing on the academic community, a colloquium held 16-20 April 1997. URL: http://academia.darmstadt.gmd.de/sweden/.
      15. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies (1997) 47(1) 1-222, special issue on "World Wide Web Usability". URL: http://ijhcs.open.ac.uk/.
      16. Joa, Harald, A case study in e-journal developments: the Scandinavian position, in Serials: the Journal of the UK Serials Group. URL: http://epip.lboro.ac.uk/uksg/hi/joa.htm.
      17. Kling, Rob and Roberta Lamb, Analyzing Visions of Electronic Publishing and Digital Libraries, URL: http://www-slis.lib.indiana.edu/~kling/pubs/EPUB6.htm.
      18. MacKie-Mason, Jeffrey K. Papers and presentations. See his homepage s.v. "Research", "Presentations", URL: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jmm/.
      19. O'Donnell, James J. (Classics, Pennsylvania), Publications. URL: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/publications.html.
      20. Okerson, Ann Shumelda (Library, Yale), WWW resources, articles, and books. URL: http://www.library.yale.edu/~okerson/alo.html.
      21. Report of the AAU Task Force on A National Strategy for Managing Scientific and Technical Information, Association of American Universities Research Libraries Project, April 1994. URL: http://arl.cni.org/aau/STITOC.html.
      22. Sandewall, Erik. A Neo-Classical Structure for Scientific Publication and Reviewing, Linköping Electronic Articles on Academic Policies and Trends (ISSN 1402-0319), Linköping University Electronic Press, 2 (1997). URL: http://www.ep.liu.se/ea/apt/1997/001/.
      23. Strategic Developments for the European Publishing Industry towards the Year 2000, Andersen Consulting, 3/25/97. URL: http://www2.echo.lu/elpub2/en/?861799954.
      24. Shum, Simon Buckingham, Tamara Sumner and Diana Laurillard, On the Future of Journals: Digital Publishing & Argumentation. Knowledge Media Institute, The Open University, Milton Keynes, U.K. URL: http://kmi.open.ac.uk/~simonb/csca/jime-arg/.
      25. Smith, John W.T., Templeman Library, University of Kent at Canterbury. The Deconstructed Journal. URL: http://www.ukc.ac.uk/library/ICCC/papers/deconjnl.htm.
      26. Varian, Hal R., Dean, School of Information Management and Systems, Berkeley. The Information Economy: The Economics of the Internet, Information Goods, Intellectual Property and Related Issues, School of Information Management and Systems, University of California Berkeley. URL: http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/resources/infoecon/.
      27. Varian, Hal R. Papers and talks on the economics of electronic communications. Accessible from the URL: http://sims.berkeley.edu/~hal/.
      28. For additional items, see "General Resources on the New Media", in Voice of the Shuttle, URL: http://humanitas.ucsb.edu/shuttle/techwrit.html#general.

    6. Miscellaneous
      1. Charlesworth Group Award for Electronic Journals, intended "to recognise excellent overall design, functionality and innovation in online and parallel online journals". URL: http://www.charlesworth.com/press.html. The inaugural award was won by the Journal of Information, Law, and Technology, URL: http://ltc.law.warwick.ac.uk/elj/jilt/.

  2. Kinds of online publishing

    1. Journals, newsletters, and series
    2. By definition a journal is a "periodical publication" (OED sb. 6) and by convention one that is published in volumes or issues containing individual contributions. Although some online series conform to the usual sense of "journal", the medium may arguably be said to work against the conventional format. In any case, those publications that are not issued regularly, and which may not publish in issues but whenever individual items are ready for distribution, we designate here as series. For an analysis of the variety of this kind, see Typologies for online journals and series.

    3. Books and monographs
    4. Scholarly books and monographs put on the Web for the first time would appear to be extremely rare. For proper editions of primary material, the tendency would seem to be to create an electronic "archive", for which see below. Otherwise, primary sources already edited or otherwise produced for print are put into the electronic medium with widely varying degrees of care, from almost none at all to quite faithful transcriptions. Note particularly two very promising and new categories: (1) the authorial post-print, and (2) the electronic counterpart or companion to the printed book.

      1. Transcribed books based on print editions
        1. Hilton, Nelson, ed., Blake Digital Text Project, based on The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, ed. David V. Erdman. Black-and-white images of individual poems in the Songs of Innocence and Experience in the various editions, hypertextually linked. URL: http://virtual.park.uga.edu/~wblake/home.html. Note the newly published Online Concordance to eE, i.e. to The Electronic Edition of The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, Newly Revised Edition, ed. David V. Erdman (Doubleday, 1988), at the URL: http://virtual.park.uga.edu/Blake_Concordance/.
        2. Lancashire, Ian, ed. Representative Poetry. 3rd edn., Univ. of Toronto Press, 1962-63; 1st electronic edn., 15/12/1994. An historical collection of some 730 poems by about 80 poets from Wyatt to Swinburne, edited for the "ordinary reader", originally by various members of the Department of English, Univ. of Toronto. See the editor's note.
        3. Milton Texts on the Internet, a collection assembled under the aegis of Milton-L, the electronic discussion group for Milton studies. Links to texts by John Milton in electronic form: bare transcriptions into plain (untagged) text from undeclared sources (but see the description of the Milton Transcription Project); HTML versions, some from Representative Poetry, as above; etc.

      2. Postprints by the author
      3. One of the more interesting uses of WWW publishing is for "postprints", i.e. online reissues of books formerly in print for which the author holds the copyright.

        1. Creegan, Charles L. Wittgenstein and Kierkegaard: Religion, Individuality and Philosophical Method. Routledge, 1989; postprint, 1997. URL: http://www.ncwc.edu/~ccreegan/wk/.
        2. Larue, Gerald A. Old Testament Life and Literature. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 1968. Postprint, 1997. URL: http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/gerald_larue/otll/.
        3. O'Donnell, James J. Cassiodorus. Univ. of California Press, 1979; postprint, 1995. Apparently the first of its kind. See the author's explanatory note at the bottom of the page. URL: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/texts/cassbook/toc.html.
        4. Rheingold, Howard. Tools For Thought: The People and Ideas of the Next Computer Revolution. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985. Postprint, n.d. URL: http://www.well.com/user/hlr/texts/tftindex.html.
        5. Shoaf, R.A. Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word: Money, Images, and Reference in Late Medieval Poetry. Pilgrim Books, 1983; postprint, 1995. URL: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/~rashoaf/dccw.html. Link provided to the author's homepage.

      4. Electronic companions to printed books
        1. McEnery, Tony and Andrew Wilson, Corpus Linguistics, Web pages to be used to supplement the book Corpus Linguistics, Edinburgh University Press (ISBN: 0-7486-0808-7). URL: http://www.ling.lancs.ac.uk/monkey/ihe/linguistics/contents.htm.
        2. Papert, Seymour, The Connected Family Web Site, companion and extension of the book, The Connected Family: Bridging the Digital Generation Gap; a complex and delightful online world. URL: http://www.ConnectedFamily.com.

    5. Dissertations
      1. Electronic Theses and Dissertations, Scholarly Communications Project, University Libraries, Virginia Tech. URL: http://borg.lib.vt.edu/theses/theses.html.
      2. Electronic Theses and Dissertations in the Humanities: A Directory of Online References and Resources. Matthew G. Kirschenbaum, University of Virginia. URL: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/ETD/ETD.html.

    6. Archives and databases
    7. The word archive means conventionally "A place in which public records or other important historic documents are kept.... A historical record or document so preserved" (OED 1,2). When applied to computing, the term usually means simply "a repository" and often carries the implication of a miscellany or discontinuous collection. An electronic archive may, however, be tightly unified but, from the perspective of the conventional book, have the appearance of a miscellany because it brings together all materials relating to an author or work.

      1. Bibliographies

        1. Iter: The Bibliography of Renaissance Europe (1300-1700), "a not-for-profit partnership formed to provide to the scholarly community an on-line bibliography of the Renaissance (1300 to 1700) and, when the partners decide it is prudent, of the Middle Ages (400 to 1500) as well. Its bibliography will cover all relevant secondary material published since 1700 to the current year. This material will consist of both printed literature and matter in other media." URL: http://utl1.library.utoronto.ca/www/iter/.
        2. McCarty, Willard &al., Selective Bibliography for Humanities Computing, 2nd edn. URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~mccarty/bibliography/.

      2. Editions

        Note the comment by Hoyt Duggan (English, Virginia): "An electronic edition does not suppress editorial disagreement or impose spurious notions of authority, as printed editions often tend to do. Instead, it embraces the provisional nature of scholarly editing" by providing all materials deemed relevant by the editor. The items gathered here are distinguished from the text and image collections that follow by being designed for the study of a single work or author, thus the model of the "edition" seems closer to what is meant by "archive" than that of the "anthology".

        1. Duggan, Hoyt. The Piers Plowman Electronic Archive, aims at "the creation of a multi-level, hyper-textually linked electronic archive of the textual tradition of all three versions of the fourteenth-century allegorical dream vision Piers Plowman". URL: http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/piers/archive.goals.html
        2. Eaves, Morris, Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi. The William Blake Archive IATH, Virginia. URL: http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/blake/. "An electronic archive based on the illuminated books of William Blake, heavily supplemented by his paintings, drawings, and commercial illustrations", in progress since 7/95.
        3. McGann, Jerome. The Complete Writings and Pictures of Dante Gabriel Rossetti: A Hypermedia Research Archive. IATH, Virginia. URL: http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/rossetti/rossetti.html. A structured, hypermedia database "holding digitized images of Rossetti's works in their original documentary forms", with the painter's poetical manuscripts, early printed texts, drawings and paintings. "The materials are marked up for electronic search and analysis, and they are supplied with full scholarly annotations and notes."
        4. Reisdoerfer, Joseph, Babel: Cours de linguistique diachronique du français, offering Les Serments de Strasbourg and La Cantilène de Sainte Eulalie. URL: http://www.restena.lu/cul/BABEL/1_T_A_Ling_Tit.html. "Les deux documents que nous présentons, Les Serments de Strasbourg et La Cantilène de Sainte Eulalie font partie du site en préparation BABEL qui sera consacré à l'histoire de la langue française. Ce site est issu d'un cours de linguistique diachronique du français donné au Centre Universitaire du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (CunLux). Il s'intégrera dans le site ARANEOLA, le site recherche du CunLux, Département des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines."

      3. Text and image collections
      4. The following are, as above, anthologies of material prepared for scholarly use, though to varying standards.

        1. ARTFL Project (Chicago), the Project for American and French Research on the Treasury of the French Language (ARTFL), maintains and provides access to an online database of ca. 2000 French texts ranging from classic works of French literature to various kinds of non-fiction prose and technical writing. URL: http://humanities.uchicago.edu/ARTFL.html. It serves as the N. American counterpart to Frantext, URL: http://www.ciril.fr/INALF/inalf.presentation/24.htm.
        2. Dartmouth Dante Database, an ongoing effort to put the entire text of over 60 commentaries on the Divina Commedia into a searchable database; currently 46 of those commentaries (in Latin, Italian, and English) are online. URL: gopher://gopher.Dartmouth.EDU:70/1/ftp/pub/Dante.
        3. Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia, "combines an on-line archive of thousands of SGML-encoded electronic texts (some of which are publicly available) with a library-based Center housing hardware and software suitable for the creation and analysis of text". URL: http://www.lib.virginia.edu/etext/ETC.html.
        4. Humanities Text Initiative, University of Michigan, "an umbrella organization for the acquisition, creation, and maintenance of electronic texts, as well as a mechanism for furthering the University's capabilities in the area of online text". Many resources restricted to users affiliated with subscribing institutions. URL: http://www.hti.umich.edu/.
        5. Literature Online (LION), a commercial service of Chadwyck-Healey, an online version of the Full-Text Poetry Database "with reference works, bibliographies and catalogues... [and] hypertext links to relevant resources on other websites, both commercial and free". URL: http://www.chadwyck.co.uk/lion/.
        6. Oxford Text Archive, Oxford University, "exists to serve the interests of the academic community by providing low-cost archival and dissemination facilities for electronic texts". URL: http://sable.ox.ac.uk/ota/.
        7. Project Bartleby, Columbia University, offering ca. 30 titles of poetry and prose prepared according to four standards: (1) accurate and loyal editions; (2) free public access; (3) careful, we--researched selection, and (4) state-of-the-art presentation. URL: http://www.cc.columbia.edu/acis/bartleby/.
        8. Project Runeberg, Linköping University, "publishes Nordic literature and art on the Internet". URL: http://www.lysator.liu.se/runeberg/.

      5. Reference works
        1. Dictionaries and lexicons
          1. Collins COBUILD, "a department of HarperCollins Publishers, specializing in the preparation of reference works for language learners in English" based on a 320 million-word corpus of modern English. URL: http://www.cobuild.collins.co.uk/.
          2. Liddell-Scott-Jones Greek Lexicon (both the "Big Liddell" and the "Middle Liddell"). URL: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/lexica.html.
          3. Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edn. A commercial product; for information see the Oxford English Dictionary Online, URL: http://www.oed.com/.

        2. Other reference works
          1. Athenians: A prosopography of ancient Athens, an Attic prosopography of over 100,000 entries including "Athenian citizens at home and abroad, slaves, resident aliens, and foreigners honored at Athens -- all the known men and women of Athens from the beginning of alphabetic writing to the Byzantine period." URL: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca:8080/attica/.

          For other items, see the Voice of the Shuttle on reference works, URL: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~enginfo/shuttle/referenc.html.

    8. Project Descriptions
    9. These are Web sites describing serious research projects that are engaged in electronic publication, either online (with entire collections or samplers) or on CD-ROM. Projects with only rudimentary Web pages have not been included.

      1. Alonzo Church Publication Project, an online archive in support of the Collected Works of Alonzo Church and the festschrift, Logic, Language, and Computation: Essays in Honor of Alonzo Church, with invitation to become a volunteer typesetter. Sponsored by the Association for Symbolic Logic and the UCLA Philosophy Department. URL: http://www.alonzo.org/.
      2. Blake, N.F. &al., The Canterbury Tales Project, "aims to recover the transmission history of the Tales by transcription, collation, and analysis of all the extant manuscripts", with CD, online, and paper publications. URL: http://www.shef.ac.uk/uni/projects/ctp/.
      3. British National Corpus Website, for "a very large (over 100 million words) corpus of modern English, both spoken and written...produced by an consortium of leading dictionary publishers (OUP, Longman, Chambers-Harrap) and academic research centres (Oxford University Computing Services, Unit for Computer Research in the English Language at Lancaster University, British Library Research and Development)". URL: http://info.ox.ac.uk/bnc/.
      4. CELT: Irish Electronic Texts at University College Cork, "aims to produce an online database of contemporary and historical topics from many areas, including literature and the other arts.".. URL: http://curia.ucc.ie/curia/.
      5. DeBoer-Langworthy, Carol &al., Women Writers Project, Brown University, "to create, develop, and make accessible a state-of-the-art electronic textbase of women's writing in English before 1830... intended to support a wide range of activities, including new research on texts, information technology, and cultural history; publications and other textbase products; and innovative approaches to teaching.". URL: http://twine.stg.brown.edu/projects/wwp/.
      6. Kiernan, Kevin, Electronic Beowulf Project, "a huge database of digital images of the Beowulf manuscript and related manuscripts and printed texts.... includes fiber-optic readings of hidden letters and ultraviolet readings of erased text in the early 11th-century manuscript; full electronic facsimiles of the indispensable 18th-century transcripts of the manuscript; and selections from important 19-century collations, editions, and translations. Major additions will include images of contemporary manuscript illuminations and material culture, and links with the Toronto Dictionary of Old English project and with the comprehensive Anglo-Saxon bibliographies of the Old English Newsletter". URL: http://www.bl.uk/access/beowulf/electronic-beowulf.html.
      7. McCarty, Willard, Analytical Onomasticon Project, "to produce a printed and electronic reference book to persons and places in the Metamorphoses of Ovid". URL: http://www.kcl.ac.uk/humanities/cch/wlm/Onomasticon/.
      8. Reimer, Stephen R., Canon of John Lydgate Project, which seeks to (1) collect and reassess the 'external' evidence for Lydgate's works, (2) examine claims for and arguments against his authorship as argued by later critics, (3) expand the present state of our knowledge about his style by the contribution of new studies of the works with the aid of the computer, and (4) apply the criteria estalished in stage three to the various texts under consideration. URL: http://www.ualberta.ca/~sreimer/lydgate.htm.
      9. Saatkamp, Herman J., Jr., et al. The Santayana Edition. Project description and proposal. URL: http://snaefell.tamu.edu/Philosophy/Santayana/.
      10. Tombeur, Paul &al., CETEDOC Project, Le Centre de traitement électronique des documents (CETEDOC), Louvain, publishers of databases of patristic and other Latin and Greek texts on CD-ROM. URL: http://www.fltr.ucl.ac.be/FLTR/TEDM/tedm.html.
      11. Willett, Perry, &al., Victorian Women Writers Project, Indiana University, aims "to produce highly accurate transcriptions of literary works by British women writers of the late 19th century, encoded using the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)". URL: http://www.indiana.edu/~letrs/vwwp/.
      12. For additional items, see for example the Institute for Academic Technology in the Humanities, URL: http://jefferson.village.virginia.edu/.

    10. Conferences and colloquia
    11. Face-to-face conferences now regularly advertise their existence on the Web and provide a variety of helpful materials for attendees. Abstracts or posters may be published online before the conference, and once delivered papers may then be made available as preprints or finished, informal (but not necessarily unrefereed) publications. The entire conduct of a conference or colloquium may be online, perhaps with the help of an electronic discussion group or "list".

      1. ACH-ALLC 97, the Joint International Conference of the Association for Computers and the Humanities and the Association for Literary & Linguistic Computing, 3-7 June 1997. URL: http://www.qucis.queensu.ca/achallc97/. Note also the conference page for the previous such event, ALLC/ACH 96, at Bergen, Norway, with abstracts and photographs from the conference, URL: http://www.hd.uib.no/allc-ach96.html.
      2. Electronic Publishing: a day conference, Centre for English Studies, University of London, 31 January 1997. Originally a programme for the conference, the Web page now serves as a venue for e-publication of some papers, one of which includes this page as supplementary material. URL: http://www.ohc.kcl.ac.uk/9701-conference.html.
      3. On-line Translation Colloquium, Facultat de Traducció i Interpretació, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 5-14 March 1997. Position papers online; adjunct discussion group, TRANSFER-L. URL: http://cc.uab.es/~iuts0/colloquium.html.
      4. Writing Across the Lines: Teaching with Technology, 20-22 March 1997, Scarborough College, University of Toronto. URL: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca:8080/~bgreensp/. See also François Lachance, The Written, the Archived and the Active, apparently a poster for this conference, URL: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~lachance/cost.htm.

    12. Self-publishing of non-refereed materials
    13. The varieties that fall under this amorphous category are many. They range from the playful "spaces", without scholarly content, to the serious (or, serio ludere, the playfully serious) communication of ongoing research that seeks to engage an audience. The standard mechanism for self-publication is the WWW personal homepage, designated by a tilde prefixing the person's account name in the address (URL). The personal homepages of scholars sometimes or often mix refereed and non- refereed publications; some of these are playful as well. As a service to others, the author of a homepage may use it to publish links of useful materials. Personal homepages also play an important role in telling the reader of a linked publication who the author or editor is, and thus in helping to establish or reinforce its reputation. The social and academic functions are difficult or impossible to disentangle.

      Following is a brief sampling of scholarly homepages from a variety of disciplines.

      1. Burnard, Lou (Humanities computing, Oxford), head of the Humanities Computing Unit at Oxford and European Editor of the Text Encoding Initiative. URL: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~lou/.
      2. Djerassi, Carl (Chemistry, Stanford). Homepage of the scientist responsible for the birth-control pill and a novelist who writes "science in fiction". URL: http://www.djerassi.com/. See also the Djerassi Resident Artists Program, not linked from the preceding homepage but discovered with the help ofa Web crawler, URL: http://www.otherminds.org/Djerassi.html.
      3. Even-Zohar, Itamar (Cultural Studies, Tel Aviv): papers and studies (in several languages), with special section for new work (requires password). URL: http://www.tau.ac.il:81/~itamarez/.
      4. Johnson, Eric (English & College of Liberal Arts, Dakota State): teaching materials, selected publications online, publications list. Johnson comments on the positive reactions from students and notes that "In more than twenty years that I have published articles, volumes, and papers in regular printed form, I have received one or two comments from readers per year. With my texts on the Web, I receive several comments each week -- I get a far better idea of who is reading and what is thought of my work." Johnson observes that although students may be surprised to find personal information on a professor's homepage, they "conclude that even professors are human". URL: http://www.dsu.edu/~johnsone/.
      5. Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. (Ph.D. candidate, English, Virginia): statement of interests, summary of dissertation topic, online c.v., selections of online writing, materials for courses (syllabi, assignments, class list, collaborative and individual projects, report on teaching, etc.). URL: http://faraday.clas.Virginia.EDU/~mgk3k/.
      6. Kraft, Robert A. (Religious Studies, Pennsylvania), a rich mixture of personal and professional information along with publications, some of which are postprints of refereed articles. URL: http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/rs/rak/kraft.html.
      7. Ragde, Prabhakar (Computer Science, Waterloo), one of the best examples of imaginative (though autobiographically factual) writing in hypertextual form. URL: http://plg.uwaterloo.ca:80/~plragde/.
      8. Stebelman, Scott (Library, George Washington Univ.), giving biographical information, link to a résumé, and a directory to resources for the humanities. URL: http://gwis2.circ.gwu.edu/~scottlib/.
      9. Wooldridge, Russon (French, Toronto), elegantly designed with considerable scholarly content. URL: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~wulfric/.
      10. Zavala, Carmen, Carmen's Page, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP). URL: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5132/.


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